Building Arch Linux packages under Ubuntu
A few times I had the need to build Arch Linux AUR packages which took a long time on my notebook. I had access to some faster hosts but they were all running Ubuntu (16.04 and later). To keep this in mind I write down how to create a Arch Linux build chroot inside an Ubuntu host.
Bootstrapping Arch Linux
First we need to get the Arch Linux base filesystem and extract it to a directory.
cd /var/lib/machines/ wget http://mirrors.dotsrc.org/archlinux/iso/2020.12.01/archlinux-bootstrap-2020.12.01-x86_64.tar.gz btrfs subvolume create archlinux-builder tar -zxvf archlinux-bootstrap-2020.12.01-x86_64.tar.gz mv root.x86_64/* archlinux-builder rmdir root.x86_64
Afterwards we can configure the DNS settings and chroot to it
cd archlinux-builder cp /etc/resolv.conf etc bin/arch-chroot .
Finally we can configure pacman inside the chroot and install/build software under a separate user
# select a mirror vim /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist vim /etc/pacman.conf pacman-key --init pacman-key --refresh-keys pacman -Syu pacman -S --needed base-devel git pacman -S --needed git base-devel git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay.git useradd builder echo "builder ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL" | sudo tee /etc/sudoers.d/builder chown builder: -R yay cd yay su builder makepkg -si
Now we can build Arch Linux AUR packages inside that chroot with makepkg or yay.
I usually save the freshly configured state of such a chroot with
# either with BTRFS btrfs subvolume snapshot archlinux-builder archlinux-builder-fresh # or with systemds machinectl machinectl export-tar archlinux-builder archlinux-builder-fresh.tar